The Social-Ecological Model provides the framework for prevention and shows us the levels in which we can get involved in prevention work. Below are just a couple examples of work that can be done within each level:
Individual: a program in schools that help students develop skills to build positive and healthy relationships
Relationship: a mentor program that pairs adults with youth at risk, couples therapy, training on child-rearing
Community: residents organize a board to address issues with the community (physical or social); ex: building a youth center, or hosting a forum about DV
Societal: legislation, changing social norms about violence
The Public Health Model is a model used by the CDC for many public health problems, and can just as easily be applied to domestic violence. Both risk and protective factors must be identified by each community independently, but can help to show patterns across different communities. They must be identified independently by each community because although there are underlying commonalities and similarities, every community is unique in their population, levels of violence, protocol and responses to violence, physical environments, etc. Once the prevalence and occurrences of domestic violence are defined within the scope of a specific community, then that community can begin to address the issue in an effective and proficient way. As the model above suggests, the next step would be to develop and test the prevention strategies, and ultimately spread the effective strategies.